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School District:Custer
Unit of Study Title:Ocean/Sea Life
Grade Level:K-2
Time Frame:1 to 2 weeks
Key Words:ocean, continents, globe, land mass, lake, creatures, ocean surface
Unit Designer:Judy Baldwin
Unit Designer
Date Added:6/12/2002 1:20:26 PM
Date Last Revised:6/14/2002 10:28:41 AM
Topic Area:Math
Peer Reviewer:Bette Wilkinson
Peer Reviewer

Brief Summary of Unit: This unit will develop awareness of ocean life by exploring a variety of topics such as, "What is an ocean?" Oceans verses Lakes, Sea Life, and Seashore Environment. These topics will be explored through the integration of language arts, science, math, and visual arts. This will be accomplished by "hands-on" lessons and activities which are developmentally appropriate for first grade.
Students will Understand: The students will be able to distinguish between land and bodies of water on a globe and gain increased awareness of oceans and ocean life.

The students will be aware of the differences between ocean water and lake water by smelling, tasting and seeing.

The students will locate the three layers of the ocean. Students will recognize common ocean life.

The students will be introduced to the seashore environment. The environment may include sand and its changes, rocks, shells, and other life forms.

Link to Standards #1

Students will use the language of geometry to discover, analyze, and communicate geometric concepts, properties, and relationships.

Indicator:Goal 1 Algebra
Indicator 3 Analyze and describe situation that involve one or more variables.
Benchmark(s):K-2 Benchmarks Math
b. explore various representations of a given number.
2. given a set of objects, determine all the ways to divide sets of objects into equal groups.
Other Content Standards:Language Arts
Goal 2 Writing
Indicator 1: Students will use appropriate mechanics, usage, and coventions of language.
K-2 Benchmarks
a. apply simple conventions of language in written work.
1. write complete sentences for a specific purpose.
3. begin sentences with capital letters and use ending punctuation in final copies

Indicator 2: Students will use appropriate style, organization, and form in technical, transactional and
creative writing.
K-2 Benchmarks
3. use pictures and text to tell a story.
Goal 3 Life Science
Indicator: 1 Understand fundamental structures, function, and mechanisms found in living things.
K-2 Benchmarks
b. explores ways to classify living things.
c. explore processes in living things
Grade level standards
4. describe life needs of animals, including people. (example: food, air, water, place to live)
5. classify animals according to physical characteristics.
Indicator: 2 Analyze various patterns and products of natural and induced biological change.
K-2 Benchmarks:
b. explore ways organisms change.
Grade level standards
3. explore how organisms are dependent upon each other for survival.

Other Components
Essential Questions to Guide this Unit and Focus Teaching and Learning: Does Earth consist of land, water and are there distinct oceans and land masses?
What life is found in the ocean?
Is the ocean the same at the bottom and the surface?
Key Knowledge and Skills Students will Acquire: Students should be able to:
1. use adjectives and descrbing words.
2. do simple measurement skills.
3. group objects in a variety of ways.
4. identify oceans and continents.
5. observe and describe basic properties of water.
Assessment Plan: Assessment will be:
1. completion of a science journal about the ocean/sea/land
2. exit interview
3. complete\ion of ocean drawing with a least 3 of 5 elements required
Learning Activities: Lesson 1
A. What is an Ocean?
1. Objective: The student will be able to distinguish between land and bodies of water on a globe and
gain increased awareness of oceans and life.
B. Oceans verses lakes
1. The student will be aware of the differences between ocean water and lake water by smelling, tasting
and seeing.
C. Sea Life in the Ocean
Student will locate the three layers of the ocean. Student will recognize common ocean life.
Notes:Some of this unit Core Knowledge lesson plans
Internet Resource Link:

Adapted from the the work of Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins. Understanding by
Design. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Alexandria, VA. 1998.

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